# Daníelsson, J., B. N. Jorgensen, M. Sarma, and C. G. de Vries (2006). Comparing downside risk measures for heavy tailed distributions. Economic Letters 92, 202–208. www.RiskResearch.org.

Download paper
Using regular variation to define heavy tailed distributions, we show that prominent downside risk measures produce similar and consistent ranking of heavy tailed risk. Expected shortfall, though, may not always distinguish between the differing risk levels of assets.